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ISL29004 데이터시트(Datasheet) 4 Page - Intersil Corporation

부품명 ISL29004
상세내용  Light-to-Digital Output Sensor with Address Selection, High Sensitivity, Gain Selection, Interrupt Function and I2C Interface
PDF  17 Pages
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제조사  INTERSIL [Intersil Corporation]
홈페이지  http://www.intersil.com/cda/home
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4
FN6221.0
December 21, 2006
Principles of Operation
Photodiodes
The ISL29004 contain two photodiodes. Diode1 is sensitive
to both visible and intrared light, while Diode2 is mostly
sensitive to infrared light. The spectral response of the two
diodes are independent from one another. See Figure
Spectral Response vs Wavelength in the performance curves
section. The photodiodes convert light to current. Then, the
diodes’ current outputs are converted to digital by a single
built-in integrating type 16-bit Analog-to-Digital Converter
(ADC). An I2C command mode determines which photodiode
will be converted to a digital signal. Mode0 is Diode1 only.
Mode1 is Diode2 only. Mode3 is a sequential Mode0 and
Mode1 with an internal subtract function (Diode1 - Diode2).
Analog-to-Digital Converter.
The converter is a charge-balancing integrating type 16-bit
ADC. The chosen method for conversion is best for
converting small current signals in the presense of an AC
periodic noise. A 100ms integration time, for instance, highly
rejects 50Hz and 60Hz power line noise simultaneously. See
Integration Time and Noise Rejection section.
The built-in ADC offers user flexibility in integration time or
conversion time. Two timing modes are available. Internal
Timing Mode and External Timing Mode. In Internal Timing
Mode, integration time is determined by an internal dual speed
oscillator (fosc), and the n-bit (n = 4, 8, 12,16) counter inside the
ADC. In External Timing Mode, integration time is determined
by the time between two consecutive I2C External Timing Mode
commands. See External Timing Mode example. A good
balancing act of integration time and resolution depending on
the application is required for optimal results.
The ADC has four I2C programmable range select to
dynamically accomodate various lighting conditions. For
very dim conditions, the ADC can be configured at its lowest
range. For very bright conditions, the ADC can be configured
at its highest range.
Interrupt Function
The active low interrupt pin is an open drain pull-down
configuration. The interrput pin serves as an alarm or
monitoring function to determine whether the ambient light
exceeds the upper threshold or goes below the lower
threshold. The user can also configure the persistency of the
interrupt pin. This eliminates any false triggers such as noise
or sudden spikes in ambient light conditions. An unexpected
camera flash for example can be ignored by setting the
persistency to 8 integration cycles.
I2C Interface
There are eight (8) 8-bit registers available inside the
ISL29004. The command and control registers define the
operation of the device. The command and control registers do
not change until the registers are overwritten.There are two 8-
bit registers that set the high and low interrupt thresholds. There
are four 8-bit data Read Only registers. Two bytes for the
sensor reading and another two bytes for the timer counts. The
data registers contain the ADC's latest digital output, and the
number of clock cycles in the previous integration period.
The ISL29004’s I2C interface slave address is pin-selectable
by pins A0 and A1. These pins can be tied or driven either
high or low. They comprise the least-significant two bits of
the I2C address, while the 5 most-significant bits are
hardwired as 100001{A1}{A0}. The four possible addresses
are therefore 44(hex) through 47(hex).
The ISL29003’s I2C interface slave address is hardwired
internally as 44(hex).
Figure 1 shows a sample one-byte read. Figure 2 shows a
sample one-byte write. Figure 3 shows a sync_iic timing
diagram sample for externally controlled integration time.
The I2C bus master always drives the SCL (clock) line, while
either the master or the slave can drive the SDA (data) line.
Every I2C transaction begins with the master asserting a
start condition (SDA falling while SCL remains high). The
following byte is driven by the master, and includes the slave
address and read/write bit. The receiving device is
responsible for pulling SDA low during the
acknowledgement period.
Every I2C transaction ends with the master asserting a stop
condition (SDA rising while SCL remains high).
For more information about the I2C standard, please consult
the Philips® I2C specification documents.
ISL29004




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