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LAN9117 데이터시트(PDF) 24 Page - Microchip Technology
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LAN9117 데이터시트(HTML) 24 Page - Microchip Technology
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General Purpose Timer (GP Timer)
The General Purpose Timer is a programmable block that can be used to generate periodic host interrupts. The reso-
lution of this timer is 100uS.
The GP Timer loads the GPT_CNT Register with the value in the GPT_LOAD field and begins counting down when the
TIMER_EN bit is set to a ‘1.’ On a reset, or when the TIMER_EN bit changes from set ‘1’ to cleared ‘0,’ the GPT_CNT
field is initialized to FFFFh. The GPT_CNT register is also initialized to FFFFh on a reset. Software can write the pre-
load value into the GPT_LOAD field at any time; e.g., before or after the TIMER_EN bit is asserted. The GPT Enable
bit TIMER_EN is located in the GPT_CFG register.
Once enabled, the GPT counts down either until it reaches 0000h or until a new pre-load value is written to the GPT_-
LOAD field. At 0000h, the counter wraps around to FFFFh, asserts the GPT interrupt status bit and the IRQ signal if the
GPT_INT_EN bit is set, and continues counting. The GPT interrupt status bit is in the INT_STS Register. The GPT_INT
hardware interrupt can only be set if the GPT_INT_EN bit is set. GPT_INT is a sticky bit (R/WC); i.e., once the GPT_INT
bit is set, it can only be cleared by writing a ‘1’ to the bit.
LAN9117 can optionally load its MAC address from an external serial EEPROM. If a properly configured EEPROM is
detected by LAN9117 at power-up, hard reset or soft reset, the ADDRH and ADDRL registers will be loaded with the
contents of the EEPROM. If a properly configured EEPROM is not detected, it is the responsibility of the host LAN Driver
to set the IEEE addresses.
The LAN9117 EEPROM controller also allows the host system to read, write and erase the contents of the Serial
EEPROM. The EEPROM controller supports most “93C46” type EEPROMs configured for 128 x 8-bit operation.
MAC ADDRESS AUTO-LOAD
On power-up, hard reset or soft reset, the EEPROM controller attempts to read the first byte of data from the EEPROM
(address 00h). If the value A5h is read from the first address, then the EEPROM controller will assume that an external
Serial EEPROM is present. The EEPROM controller will then access the next EEPROM byte and send it to the MAC
Address register byte 0 (ADDRL[7:0]). This process will be repeated for the next five bytes of the MAC Address, thus
fully programming the 48-bit MAC address. Once all six bytes have been programmed, the “MAC Address Loaded” bit
is set in the E2P_CMD register. A detailed explanation of the EEPROM byte ordering with respect to the MAC address
is given in Section 5.4.3, "ADDRL—MAC Address Low Register," on page 82.
If an 0xA5h is not read from the first address, the EEPROM controller will end initialization. It is then the responsibility
of the host LAN driver software to set the IEEE address by writing to the MAC’s ADDRH and ADDRL registers.
The host can initiate a reload of the MAC address from the EEPROM by issuing the RELOAD command via the E2P
command (E2P_CMD) register. If the first byte read from the EEPROM is not A5h, it is assumed that the EEPROM is
not present, or not programmed, and the MAC address reload will fail. The “MAC Address Loaded” bit indicates a suc-
cessful reload of the MAC address.
EEPROM HOST OPERATIONS
After the EEPROM controller has finished reading (or attempting to read) the MAC after power-on, hard reset or soft
reset, the host is free to perform other EEPROM operations. EEPROM operations are performed using the E2P_CMD
and E2P data (E2P_DATA) registers. Section 5.3.23, "E2P_CMD – EEPROM Command Register," on page 77 provides
an explanation of the supported EEPROM operations.
If the EEPROM operation is the “write location” (WRITE) or “write all” (WRAL) commands, the host must first write the
desired data into the E2P_DATA register. The host must then issue the WRITE or WRAL command using the E2P_CMD
register by setting the EPC_CMD field appropriately. If the operation is a WRITE, the EPC_ADDR field in E2P_CMD
must also be set to the desired location. The command is executed when the host sets the EPC_BSY bit high. The com-
pletion of the operation is indicated when the EPC_BSY bit is cleared.
If the EEPROM operation is the “read location” (READ) operation, the host must issue the READ command using the
E2P_CMD with the EPC_ADDR set to the desired location. The command is executed when the host sets the EPC_BSY
bit high. The completion of the operation is indicated when the EPC_BSY bit is cleared, at which time the data from the
EEPROM may be read from the E2P_DATA register.
Other EEPROM operations are performed by writing the appropriate command to the EPC_CMD register. The com-
mand is executed when the host sets the EPC_BSY bit high. The completion of the operation is indicated when the
EPC_BSY bit is cleared. In all cases the host must wait for EPC_BSY to clear before modifying the E2P_CMD register.
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