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LAN9117 데이터시트(HTML) 54 Page - Microchip Technology

부품명 LAN9117
상세내용  High Performance Single-Chip 10/100 Non-PCI Ethernet Controller
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제조사  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
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LAN9117 데이터시트(HTML) 54 Page - Microchip Technology

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LAN9117
DS00002267A-page 54
 2005-2016 Microchip Technology Inc.
4.3.2
EQUALIZER, BASELINE WANDER CORRECTION AND CLOCK AND DATA RECOVERY
The 6 bits from the ADC are fed into the DSP block. The equalizer in the DSP section compensates for phase and ampli-
tude distortion caused by the physical channel consisting of magnetics, connectors, and CAT- 5 cable. The equalizer
can restore the signal for any good-quality CAT-5 cable between 1m and 150m.
If the DC content of the signal is such that the low-frequency components fall below the low frequency pole of the iso-
lation transformer, then the droop characteristics of the transformer will become significant and Baseline Wander (BLW)
on the received signal will result. To prevent corruption of the received data, the PHY corrects for BLW and can receive
the ANSI X3.263-1995 FDDI TP-PMD defined “killer packet” with no bit errors.
The 100M PLL generates multiple phases of the 125MHz clock. A multiplexer, controlled by the timing unit of the DSP,
selects the optimum phase for sampling the data. This is used as the received recovered clock. This clock is used to
extract the serial data from the received signal.
4.3.3
NRZI AND MLT-3 DECODING
The DSP generates the MLT-3 recovered levels that are fed to the MLT-3 converter. The MLT-3 is then converted to an
NRZI data stream.
4.3.4
DESCRAMBLING
The descrambler performs an inverse function to the scrambler in the transmitter and also performs the Serial In Parallel
Out (SIPO) conversion of the data.
During reception of IDLE (/I/) symbols. the descrambler synchronizes its descrambler key to the incoming stream. Once
synchronization is achieved, the descrambler locks on this key and is able to descramble incoming data.
Special logic in the descrambler ensures synchronization with the remote PHY by searching for IDLE symbols within a
window of 4000 bytes (40us). This window ensures that a maximum packet size of 1514 bytes, allowed by the IEEE
802.3 standard, can be received with no interference. If no IDLE-symbols are detected within this time-period, receive
operation is aborted and the descrambler re-starts the synchronization process.
The descrambler can be bypassed by setting bit 0 of register 31.
4.3.5
ALIGNMENT
The de-scrambled signal is then aligned into 5-bit code-groups by recognizing the /J/K/ Start-of-Stream Delimiter (SSD)
pair at the start of a packet. Once the code-word alignment is determined, it is stored and utilized until the next start of
frame.
4.3.6
5B/4B DECODING
The 5-bit code-groups are translated into 4-bit data nibbles according to the 4B/5B table. The SSD, /J/K/, is translated
to “0101 0101” as the first 2 nibbles of the MAC preamble. Reception of the SSD causes the PHY to assert the internal
RX_DV signal, indicating that valid data is available on the Internal RXD bus. Successive valid code-groups are trans-
lated to data nibbles. Reception of either the End of Stream Delimiter (ESD) consisting of the /T/R/ symbols, or at least
two /I/ symbols causes the PHY to de-assert the internal carrier sense and RX_DV.
These symbols are not translated into data.
4.4
10Base-T Transmit
Data to be transmitted comes from the MAC layer controller. The 10Base-T transmitter receives 4-bit nibbles from the
MII at a rate of 2.5MHz and converts them to a 10Mbps serial data stream. The data stream is then Manchester-encoded
and sent to the analog transmitter, which drives a signal onto the twisted pair via the external magnetics.
The 10M transmitter uses the following blocks:
• MII (digital)
• TX 10M (digital)
• 10M Transmitter (analog)
• 10M PLL (analog)


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