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LM555 데이터시트(HTML) 7 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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부품명 LM555
상세내용  Timer
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제조사  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
홈페이지  http://www.national.com
Logo NSC - National Semiconductor (TI)

LM555 데이터시트(HTML) 7 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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Applications Information
MONOSTABLE OPERATION
In this mode of operation, the timer functions as a one-shot
(Figure 1). The external capacitor is initially held discharged
by a transistor inside the timer. Upon application of a nega-
tive trigger pulse of less than 1/3 V
CC to pin 2, the flip-flop is
set which both releases the short circuit across the capacitor
and drives the output high.
The voltage across the capacitor then increases exponen-
tially for a period of t = 1.1 R
A C, at the end of which time the
voltage equals 2/3 V
CC. The comparator then resets the
flip-flop which in turn discharges the capacitor and drives the
output to its low state. Figure 2 shows the waveforms gen-
erated in this mode of operation. Since the charge and the
threshold level of the comparator are both directly propor-
tional to supply voltage, the timing interval is independent of
supply.
During the timing cycle when the output is high, the further
application of a trigger pulse will not effect the circuit so long
as the trigger input is returned high at least 10s before the
end of the timing interval. However the circuit can be reset
during this time by the application of a negative pulse to the
reset terminal (pin 4). The output will then remain in the low
state until a trigger pulse is again applied.
When the reset function is not in use, it is recommended that
it be connected to V
CC to avoid any possibility of false
triggering.
Figure 3 is a nomograph for easy determination of R, C
values for various time delays.
NOTE: In monostable operation, the trigger should be driven
high before the end of timing cycle.
ASTABLE OPERATION
If the circuit is connected as shown in Figure 4 (pins 2 and 6
connected) it will trigger itself and free run as a multivibrator.
The external capacitor charges through R
A +RB and dis-
charges through R
B. Thus the duty cycle may be precisely
set by the ratio of these two resistors.
In this mode of operation, the capacitor charges and dis-
charges between 1/3 V
CC and 2/3 VCC. As in the triggered
mode, the charge and discharge times, and therefore the
frequency are independent of the supply voltage.
00785105
FIGURE 1. Monostable
00785106
VCC = 5V
Top Trace: Input 5V/Div.
TIME = 0.1 ms/DIV.
Middle Trace: Output 5V/Div.
RA = 9.1k?
Bottom Trace: Capacitor Voltage 2V/Div.
C = 0.01F
FIGURE 2. Monostable Waveforms
00785107
FIGURE 3. Time Delay
00785108
FIGURE 4. Astable
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